Countries of the 10/40 window, in blue
Which are the countries which have the smallest proportion of Christians? Most of the candidates are debatable because it is hard to collect accurate statistics in them, and many believers will be keeping their heads down for fear of persecution. But the answer is probably:
- Western Sahara
All of these countries have fewer than 0.5% Christians, and are closely followed by Tunisia, Algeria and Turkey.* Many other countries in north Africa, central Asia and the middle east have fewer than 1% Christians. None of these countries are places where it would be easy to be a mission worker, and in many of them, it could be fatal. As it can be for the believers.
You might expect the bulk of the church’s mission work to focus on countries like these. Even if it’s not easy for us to go as mission workers, it’s possible to go and start missional businesses such as teaching English or computing, introduce the nationals to Jesus while they are studying abroad in a more open country, and train locals remotely to witness to their own people. We can broadcast the gospel into their countries – see the work of TWR Europe, FEBA or Sat 7 for example. We can pray. We can go on holiday there and try to be a subtle witness or engage in prayer ministry. Some agencies, to be sure, are trying to get people into countries like these, but of course we can’t tell you who they are in these pages, though we salute the faith of the few who engage in such a dangerous calling.
Yet a list of the countries to which the UK sends most mission workers tells a different story. We actually invest most of our missionary effort in countries where Christians are already in the majority. The top five receiving countries are:
- Kenya (79% Christian)
- Brazil (91%)
- France (68%)
- Zambia (85%)
- Spain (68%)
In total there are over 10,000 mission workers in these countries from all over the world. It is perfectly legal to witness to people and to start a new church in each of these countries (though occasionally very difficult!). Although many of the ‘Christians’ contained in the statistics may be nominal, with the exception of France and Spain they have strong evangelical churches which are able to shoulder the burden of mission, and in France the church, though still small, is growing strongly.
While there are nearly two billion people living in the 10/40 window who have never heard the gospel, thousands of completely unreached people groups elsewhere, and hundreds of ethnic minorities who have no access to the Bible in their own language, does this seem an appropriate use of our resources? Ok, perhaps the Christians in those countries do not follow our particular brand of Christianity, but wouldn’t it be better for us to let the local church take over the task of witnessing to the lost?
Is the continuing presence of overseas mission workers in those countries actually preventing the indigenous church taking on more responsibility for evangelising their own people?
Time to move on?
I know a lot of mission workers reading this will already be angry with this suggestion (thank you for making it this far!) and I recognise that there may be many people working in those countries who will be doing tasks the local church may not currently be equipped to do:
- providing theological education
- discipling a young and inexperienced church
- using those countries as a base for reaching out into other less evangelised ones
- working with unreached minority people groups
- providing vital technical support such as bible translation.
There will be other valid reasons for mission workers to be there. Or are these countries simply ones where we like to be mission workers? But if 90% of us moved on to minister to an unreached people group or a country in the 10/40 window, that would mean an extra 9000 people freed up to reach the world’s least evangelised people. That’s over 150 new mission workers in countries like Tajikistan, Laos and Algeria.
Of course it’s risky. Even today mission workers are being martyred in the 10/40 window. But that’s part of following Jesus, and despite the western world’s risk-averse policies, Jesus didn’t shrink from paying the ultimate price to show God’s love for the lost, and neither did the early church.
Maybe it’s time for us to move on to somewhere more needy. Or is that a bit too uncomfortable for us to consider?
* This article has drawn heavily on Operation World for its statistics. Find out more about this essential guide to prayer for the world at www.operationworld.org