Two years on from the outbreak of the Arab Spring, it’s worth pausing to take stock of what has happened so far, particularly since recent the military conflict in Mali against Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the ongoing civil war in Syria have drawn attention to the region once again.
Readers will recall that early in 2011 a democratic uprising in Tunisia, largely facilitated by the use of social media in organising, communicating and publicising, triggered a number of popular uprisings in the Near East/Middle East/North Africa (NEMENA) region. Since then, not a single county in the region has been unaffected by some form of protest, and the ongoing conflicts continue to destabilise the entire region and threaten to spill over into west and central Africa, the Caucasus and central Asia. Several countries have experienced major unrest and the results have been mixed – certainly not the democratic success that liberals were hoping for! Here’s how they stack up:
Successful change of government: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Yemen
Top down change in response to the uprising: Algeria, Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia
Civil war: Libya, Mali, Syria
Authoritarian crackdown: Bahrain
The key questions for us at Syzygy are not so much about the politics but about the impact of these disturbances on a) Christian mission and b) the national church. It should be remembered that most of the countries in the NEMENA region were not particularly hospitable to Christians before the Arab Spring, and many of them had no significant Christian population. Overt Christian mission was not possible in any of these countries.
The breakdown of law and order in the Arab Spring uprisings caused many mission agencies to withdraw their teams from most countries in the region in 2011. The risks of becoming inadvertently caught up in the conflict, or of being specifically targeted by extremists were considered too great. In many of these countries the overseas mission workers have still not returned, or if they have, their actions are hampered by the need to take security seriously. This has an impact not only on their Christian witness, but on the vital humanitarian and development work they have been doing.
The prospects for the national church have been even worse. The possibility of Sharia law being introduced (in Egypt for example) is a major threat to their ability to meet together openly and have their minority rights protected. In the event of civil war the Christians are more vulnerable because often they are not able to rely on support from a wide family network (who may have ostracised them), or because they may be seen as covert allies of western democracies whose influence is opposed by Islamic extremists. In Syria, where the minority Alawite regime has in the past been reasonably tolerant of Christians because they too were a minority, the rebels can even see the Christians as the enemy, particularly as they have not taken sides in the war. There is nobody to protect the believers from extremists who want to lynch them and burn down their buildings.
Here are some recent headlines about what is still happening to the suffering church in the region:
- Church burned, Christians stoned by Egyptian villagers (17th February)
- Christians sentenced for (allegedly) proselytising in Algeria (13th February)
- Christians in Sudan face victimisation by the Government (12th February)
- Internally-displaced Christians in Mali face starvation (11th February)
- Iraqi Patriarch claims Arab Spring resulting in bloodshed (9th February)
- 200,000 Syrian Christians have been displaced by war (1st February)
Yet God continues to do amazing things throughout the region. There are reports of miraculous protection of Christians and church buildings. Many people are finding Christ through the internet, or satellite tv and radio broadcasts. We reported last year on ‘The Beautiful One’ who meets people in their dreams. Nevertheless, as we observed on this website in 2011, these are precarious times for the church throughout the NEMENA region.
- Pray for our persecuted brothers and sisters, that their faith will be strengthened and they will be comforted in their suffering.
- Pray that mission workers will feel assured of God’s protection, have wisdom in avoiding detection, and be able to get on with their ministries unencumbered.
- Pray that revival will break out as people commit their lives to ‘The Beautiful One’.
- Donate to Christian relief agencies providing humanitarian aid in the region.